Intolerable Acts , also called Coercive Acts , , in U. In response to colonial resistance to British rule during the winter of —74, Parliament was determined to reassert its authority in America and passed four acts that were known as the Coercive Acts in Britain but were labeled the Intolerable Acts by the colonists. Because Boston had been the center of resistance, the acts targeted Boston and Massachusetts in particular. The Coercive Acts, which were called the Intolerable Acts by the American colonists, were passed by Parliament in in response to colonial resistance to British rule. The four acts were 1 the Boston Port Bill, which closed Boston Harbor; 2 the Massachusetts Government Act, which replaced the elective local government with an appointive one and increased the powers of the military governor; 3 the Administration of Justice Act , which allowed British officials charged with capital offenses to be tried in another colony or in England; and 4 the Quartering Act, which permitted the requisition of unoccupied buildings to house British troops. Because Boston had been the center of resistance to British rule during the winter of —74, it was the focus of the four Coercive Acts Intolerable Acts passed by Parliament in to reassert its authority in America. The Massachusetts Government Act replaced the elected local government in the colony with an appointed one and enhanced the powers of the military governor. The Coercive Acts called the Intolerable Acts by the colonists included a new Quartering Act that provided arrangements for housing British troops in American dwellings.
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The American Revolution
These oppressive acts sparked strong colonial resistance, including the meeting of the First Continental Congress, which George Washington attended in September and October Additionally, it forbade any exports to foreign ports or provinces. The only imports allowed were provisions for the British Army and necessary goods, such as fuel and wheat. The Act mandated that the port remain shuttered until Bostonians made restitution to the East India Company the owners of the destroyed tea , the king had determined that the colony was able to obey British laws, and that British goods once again could be traded in the harbor safely.
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In , Great Britain decided to use brute force to deal with the rebellious American colonies, particularly the colony of Massachusetts. Following the blatant insubordination of the Boston Tea Party in , Great Britain aimed to use a heavy hand on the rebellious colony of Massachusetts. In Parliament passed four acts that they described as the Coercive Acts but quickly became known in America as the Intolerable Acts because they perceived as being so cruel and severe. Since the end of the French and Indian War, Great Britain had sought to find a way to get the American colonies to pay for the cost of the expensive war. After repeatedly passing laws such as the Stamp Act , the Townshend Acts , and the Tea Act , the colonists had protested, disobeyed, or boycotted to avoid paying the taxes. When a group of Bostonians destroyed hundreds of crates of British tea on December 16, , rather than pay taxes on them, Britain reacted by passing these Coercive Acts. The first act passed was the Boston Port Act which closed the port of Boston. Britain determined that the business of the city would be stopped entirely until the people of Boston paid for the tea that had been destroyed. Next, they passed the Massachusetts Government Act which essentially revoked the charter of the royal colony and placed them under the direct control of Great Britain.
Parliament was utterly fed up with colonial antics. The British could tolerate strongly worded letters or trade boycotts. They could put up with defiant legislatures and harassed customs officials to an extent. But they saw the destruction of chests of tea belonging to the British East India Company as wanton destruction of property by Boston thugs who did not even have the courage to admit responsibility.